1978 - 1991

Large, landscape, watercolour painting depicting a rural Australian bush scene. The painting consists of eight, tall, grey, gum trees in the foreground and middle distance with a hazy mountain range reminiscent of Olgas in Northern Territory in background. The earthen landscape is sparse and painting in shades of yellow and brown. This watercolour is painted on white cartridge paper, and is signed, 'Jack McArthur' in the bottom right corner.

Historical information

Provenanced to Fremantle Prison.



Registration number
Item type
837 mm
Height or length
595 mm
Inscriptions and markings

Jackie McArthur

Contextual Information

In 1978 Steve Culley began teaching art classes at Fremantle Prison, soon accompanied by David Wroth and Lindsey Pow. The popularity of their art program can be gauged by the number of prisoners who enrolled; more than 2,000 students within the first five years. As the popularity of the art classes grew, they were moved into a larger space in the Assessment Centre. The Assessment Centre was considered secure enough that prisoners could come and go freely. When the Prison took back this space two years later, the art classes were moved into the Main Cell Block, behind the Catholic Chapel.

Prison art provides a valuable and unique insight into the prison experience, reminding us that sites of incarceration are first and foremost about people, not buildings. Created by the prisoners themselves, prison art allows those who have been silenced by the system a voice and way to express themselves. In the context of Fremantle Prison the art collection also provides an insightful and much more personal perspective on the experience of incarceration. Aboriginal prisoners were initially the only students allowed to participate in the art classes at Fremantle Prison. Steve Culley is recorded as saying that at the beginning he was teaching about 15 Wongai artists from the Warburton/Mt Margaret area.  

At the Mt Margaret Mission, where a lot of these prisoners had previously been confined, the principals applied strict discipline. The result was that these Aboriginal artists, although they’d been born to a traditional tribal life, had not gone through the law. The Mission had succeeded in isolating them from their traditional ways, forcing them into European education of reading and writing. In the art classes at Fremantle Prison, Culley encouraged these men to embrace their traditions. Their success meant that Culley was soon overrun with students, so he began to make certain students into student teachers. One of these was Jackie McArthur, a Wongai man who ran a Namatjira landscape school.

Bureaucracy, in one form or another, was mainly responsible for artworks being left behind when Fremantle Prison closed in 1991, and prisoners were moved to Casuarina. If a prisoner created or acquired something during their incarceration, which they did not have when they were first admitted to prison, they had to apply for that article to be added to their record, so that such items could be taken with them when they left or were transferred. It is likely that a number of the artworks now in the Fremantle Prison Collection were never claimed by prisoners in this way, and as a result where left behind when the Prison closed.

Year End
Primary significance criteria
Artistic or aesthetic significance
Historic significance
Scientific or research significance
Social or spiritual significance
Comparative significance criteria
Interpretive capacity
Object’s condition or completeness
Rare or representative
Well provenanced
Fremantle Prison

Fremantle Prison

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